According to the study CSOs in Armenia include public organisations, foundations, legal entities unions, as well as non-formal groups and movements. There are over 5,200 public organizations, foundations, and legal entities unions registered as of October 2014, while experts estimate only 15 to 20 percent of registered or- ganizations to be active. Many organizations are present only on paper, as many CSOs discontinue their activities after their projects are finished.
About half of registered CSOs are located in Yerevan, and the other half is almost evenly distributed among regions, with more CSOs in Shirak, Lori, Ara- rat and less in Aragatsotn and Vayots Dzor; rural CSOs compose a very small minority in Armenia while most of regional CSOs are located in central cities of regions. According to survey data, CSOs included in the sample are mostly active in the sectors of education, community development, social services, humanitarian assistance, and youth issues. More than one third of CSOs are active on the national level, while the number of regional and community- based CSOs accounts for almost the half of the sample.
A special attention in the study is given to non-formal civic groups, which have recently gained a significant place in policy dialogue. Non-formal civic groups developed considerably after 2008, mostly in the sectors of ecology and public space protection. Civic activism is more notable in Yerevan, while there are also many active groups on community and regional levels that are not much covered by media and social networks. Many community groups have been established in the framework of international programs.
In conclusions of the research it is stated that the political, economic, and social environment in Armenia is not very favourable for smooth CSO operation. Corruption is considered to be the most significant factor influencing Armenian civil society, along with widespread poverty, social and economic crisis, as well as social/economic inequality. Joining the Eurasian Economic Union is viewed by many CSOs as threatening sign to further developments in CSO regulations. At the same time, CSOs assess the existing environment as a challenge for their work and stimulus to multiply their efforts in creating positive changes in the country.